Spanish transgender solider from the 1600-century, born a girl.

Alonso hette tidigare Catalina

Alonso hette tidigare Catalina

Catalina de Erauso was born a daughter, and she was the sister of soldiers from the city of San Sebastián in Spain. Her father was Miguel de Erauso and her mother María Pérez de Gallárraga y Arce. She was expected to become a nun but abandoned the nunnery after a beating at the age of fifteen, just before she was to take her vows. She had not ever seen a street, having entered the convent at the age of four .

Catalina dressed in man clothes, calling herself "Francisco de Loyola", and left on a long journey from San Sebastian to Valladolid. From there shel visited Bilbao and signed up on a ship. She reached Spanish America and enlisted as a soldier in Chile under the name Alonso Díaz Ramírez de Guzmán.  Served under several captains in the Arauco War, including her own brother, who never recognized her.

After one fight in which Catalina killed a man and was wounded seriously, she revealed her sex as female in a deathbed confession. She however survived after four months of convalescence and left for Guamanga.

To escape yet another incident, she confessed her sex to the bishop, Fray Agustín de Carvajal. Induced by Fray she entered a convent and her story spread across the ocean. In 1620, the archbishop of Lima called her. In 1624, she arrived in Spain, having changed ship after another fight.

In June 29th, 1626, Catalina de Erauso was seen by Pope Urban VIII, who granted her a special dispensation to that would allow her to continue to live her life as a man, and wear men's clothing. to wear men's clothing.

Her portrait by Francesco Crescenzio is lost. Back in Spain, Francisco Pacheco (Velázquez's father-in-law) painted Catalina in 1630.

She again left Spain in 1645, this time for New Spain in the fleet of Pedro de Ursua, where she became a mule driver on the road from Veracruz. In New Spain she used the name Antonio de Erauso.

Catalina died in Cuetlaxtla, New Spain in 1650

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